The primary objective of this project is to investigate three distinct forms of green governmentality (Greenmentality) – ecotourism, carbon forestry and climate-smart agriculture – and their reactions from below in selected cases from East Africa and India.
The secondary objectives (SO) are:
SO1. To analyse how discourses and policies of the green economy are translated into new institutional, land-use, and other governance arrangements in different empirical contexts.
SO2. To compare how greenmentality is perceived by different social groups – in accordance with socioeconomic characteristics such as class, caste, and gender – to what extent it is met with reactions from below, and with what effect.
SO3. To investigate to what extent greenmentality leads to conflicts over access to land and natural resources.
SO4. To appraise the potential and feasibility of food sovereignty, land sovereignty, and other communitarian forms of environmental governance as alternatives to the ‘green economy’.
SO5. To compare and synthesize findings across cases to build a general understanding of the determinants of specific arrangements for greenmentalities, as well as the determinants or drivers of various responses to these from below.