Greenmentality-Related Academic Publications:
(feel free to contact the relevant authors if you are unable to obtain copies of any of the below)

Edited Journal Collections

Cavanagh, C.J. and H. Lein (eds), (2017). Special Section: Political Ecologies of REDD+ in Tanzania. Journal of Eastern African Studies.

Cavanagh, C.J. and T.A. Benjaminsen (eds). (2017). Special Section: Political Ecologies of the Green Economy. Journal of Political Ecology 34: 200-341.


Benjaminsen, T.A. and H. Svarstad (2017): Political ecology – environment, people and power (in Norwegian). Universitetsforlaget. Second revised edition.

Sandbrook, C., C.J. Cavanagh and D. Tumusiime (eds), (2018), Conservation and Development in Uganda. London and New York: Routledge/Earthscan.

Journal Articles 

Noe, C (2019). The Berlin curse in Tanzania:(re)making of the selous world heritage property. South African Geographical Journal, DOI: 10.1080/03736245.2019.1645039


Bergius, M. and J. Buseth (2019). Towards a green modernization development discourse: the new green revolution in Africa. Journal of Political Ecology 26 (1): 57-83.

Neimark, B., and J. Childs, A.J. Nightingale, C.J. Cavanagh, S. Sullivan, T.A. Benjaminsen, S. Batterbury, S. Koot, and W. Harcourt. (2019). Speaking power to ‘post-truth’: critical political ecology and the new authoritarianismAnnals of the American Association of Geographers.

Davis, D., and P. Robbins. 2018. Ecologies of the Colonial Present: Pathological Forestry form the Taux de Boisement to Civilized Plantations. Environment and Planning E. 1(4): 447-469.

Svarstad, H., T.A Benjaminsen and Overå, R. (2018). Power theories in political ecologyJournal of Political Ecology 25 (1): 350-363.

Cleaver, F., and L. Whaley. (2018). Understanding process, power, and meaning in adaptive governance: a critical institutional readingEcology and Society 23(2):49.

Cavanagh, C.J. (2018). Political ecologies of biopower: diversity, debates, and new frontiers of inquiryJournal of Political Ecology 25: 402-425.

Benjaminsen, T.A. and H. Svarstad. (2018). REDD og norsk klimakolonialisme i Tanzania [REDD and Norwegian Climate Colonialism in Tanzania] (In Norwegian). Internasjonal Politikk, Volume 76: 24-46.

Bergius, M., Benjaminsen, T. A., and Widgren, M. (2018). Green economy, Scandinavian investments and agricultural modernization in Tanzania. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 45(4): 825-852.

Fisher, J., C.J. Cavanagh, T. Sikor, and D. Mwayafu. (2018). Linking notions of justice and project outcomes in carbon offset forestry projects: Insights from a comparative study in UgandaLand Use Policy 73: 259-268.

Margulies, J. and Bersaglio, B. (2018). Furthering post-human political ecologies. Geoforum, DOI 10.1016/j.geoforum.2018.03.017.

Brockington, D., Howland, O., Loiske, V., Mnzava, M., and Noe, C. (2018). Economic growth, rural assets and prosperity: Exploring the implications of a 20-year record of asset growth in Tanzania. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 56(2), 217-243. doi:10.1017/S0022278X18000186.

Bersaglio, B. and Cleaver, F. (2018). Green grab by bricolage – the institutional workings of community conservancies in KenyaConservation and Society, 16(4):467-480. DOI: 10.4103/cs.cs_16_144.

Östberg, W., Howland, O., Mduma, J., and Brockington, D (2018). Tracing Improving Livelihoods in Rural Africa Using Local Measures of Wealth: A Case Study from Central Tanzania, 1991–2016. Land, Volume 7(2): doi:10.3390/land7020044.

Thorat, O. and Rai, N. 2018. Contradicciones pastoriles en las praderas de Banni en Kachchh, India. Ecologia Poli­tica, 55: 92-97.

Menon, A. and Rai, N. D. 2017. Putting a price on tiger reserves: creating conservation value or green grabbing? Economic and Political Weekly 52(52):23-26.

Buseth, J. (2017). The green economy in Tanzania: From global discourses to institutionalization. Geoforum, Volume 86: 42-52.

Bersaglio, B. and Cleaver, F. (2018). Artisanal mining in Southern Tanzania: Preliminary reflections on a ‘green squeeze’The Extractive Industries and Society, 5(3): 274-277. DOI: 10.1016/j.exis.2018.06.001.

Broome, N.P., Rai, N.D. and Tatpati, M. (2017). Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Rights Act. Economic and Political Weekly50 (25 and 26):51-54

Cavanagh, C.J. (2017). Anthropos into humanitas: civilizing violence, scientific forestry, and the ‘Dorobo question’ in eastern Africa. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space. 35(4): 694-713.

Cavanagh, C.J., A. Chemarum, P. Vedeld, and J.G. Petursson. (2017). Old wine, new bottles? Investigating the differential adoption of ‘climate-smart’ agricultural practices in western Kenya. Journal of Rural Studies 56: 114-123.

Thekaekara, T., Vanak, A.T., Hiremath, A.J., Rai, N.D., Ratnam, J. and Sukumar, R. (2017). Notes from the Other Side of a Forest FireEconomic and Political Weekly 50 (25 and 26):22-25

Cavanagh, C.J. and T.A. Benjaminsen. (2017). Political ecology, variegated green economies, and the foreclosure of alternative sustainabilities. Journal of Political Ecology 24: 200-216.

Cavanagh, C.J. (2016). Resilience, class, and the antifragility of capitalResilience: International Policies, Practices, and Discourses 5(2): 110-128. Special issue – ‘Resilience and the Anthropocene’.

Holmes, G. and C.J. Cavanagh. (2016). A review of the social impacts of neoliberal conservation: formations, inequalities, contestations. Geoforum 75: 109-199.

Ramesh, M. and Rai, N. (2017).  Trading on conservation: A marine protected area as an ecological fix. Marine Policy, 82: 25-31.

Rai, N. D., Benjaminsen, T. A., Krishnan, S.  and Madegowda, C. (2019). Political ecology of tiger conservation in India: Adverse effects of banning customary practices in a protected area. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 40 (1): 124-139.

Svarstad, H. and T.A. Benjaminsen. (2017). Nothing succeeds like success narratives: a case of conservation and development in the time of REDD. Journal of Eastern African Studies. [Special Section: Political Ecologies of REDD+ in Tanzania].

Book Chapters

T.A. Benjaminsen and Svarstad, H. (2019).  Political Ecology. In Fath, B (ed), Encyclopedia of Ecology (Second Edition). Pages 391-396. Amsterdam: Elsevier

Cavanagh, C.J., C. Sandbrook and D. Tumusiime. (2018). Dynamics of uneven conservation and development in Uganda. In Sandbrook, C., C.J. Cavanagh and D. Tumusiime (eds), Conservation and Development in Uganda. London and New York: Routledge/Earthscan, pp. 3-15.

Rai, N.D. and Madegowda, C. (2017). Rethinking Landscapes: History, culture and local knowledge in the Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve, India. In Bhagwat, S. (ed) Conservation and Development in India: Reimagining Wilderness. Pages 132-141. Routledge, UK.

Cavanagh, C.J. (2017). Mapping the state’s Janus face: green economy and the ‘green resource curse’ in Kenya’s highland forests. In A. Williams and P. Le Billon (eds), Corruption, Natural Resources, and Development: From Resource Curse to Political Ecology. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 106-116.

Bersaglio, B. (2018). Green violence: Market-Driven Conservation and the re-foreignization of space in Laikipia, Kenya. S. Mollett , S and Kepe, T (Eds), Land rights, biodiversity conservation, and justice: Rethinking parks and people. Oxford: Routledge.

Rai, N.D. Bhasme, S. and Balaji, P. (2018). Power, inequality and rights: A political ecology of forest restoration. In Mansourian, S. and Parrotta, J.. Forest Landscape Restoration: Integrated Approaches to Support Effective Implementation. Routledge. Pages 47-62.

Cavanagh, C.J. (2018). Land, natural resources, and the state in Kenya’s Second Republic. In A. Adeniran and L. Ikuteyijo (eds), Africa Now! Emerging Issues and Alternative Perspectives. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, pp. 119-147.

Shanker, K. Oommen, M. and Rai, N.D. (2018). Changing Natures: a democratic and dynamic approach to biodiversity conservation. In Kothari. A. and Joy, K. J. (Eds.), Alternative Futures: India Unshackled, AuthorsUpFront, New Delhi.

Cavanagh, C.J., C. Sandbrook and D. Tumusiime. (2018). Conservation, development, and the politics of ecological knowledge. In Sandbrook, C. and C.J. Cavanagh and D. Tumusiime (eds), Conservation and Development in UgandaLondon and New York: Routledge/Earthscan, pp. 249-264.

Benabou, S., Moussu, N. and Müller, B. (2017). Globalising the climate: COP21 and the climatisation of global debates. In Aykut, S., Foyer, J. and Morena, E (eds), The business voice at COP21: The quandaries of global political ambition. London: Routledge, pp. 57-74.

Cavanagh, C.J. (2018). Critical ecosystem infrastructure? Governing the forests-water nexus in the Kenyan highlands. In R. Boelens, T. Perreault, and J. Vos (eds). Water Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 302-315.

D. Himmelfarb and C.J. Cavanagh. (2018). Managing the contradictions: conservation, communitarian rhetoric, and conflict at Mount Elgon National Park. In C. Sandbrook and C.J. Cavanagh and D. Tumusiime (eds), Conservation and Development in Uganda. London and New York: Routledge/Earthscan, pp. 85-103.